Horticulture is the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of vegetable garden plant growing. This is an aesthetic science that deals with the important crops, which are grown in the gardens, e.g., vegetable crops in vegetable garden, fruits in fruit orchards and so on. It also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance and arboriculture. Factors affecting the scope of horticultural crops in India are as follows:
• Different horticultural crops can be grown in different regions – because of the variance of climatic conditions in India.
• Development in irrigation facilities and availability of technical information improves the scope for growing horticultural crops.
• Due to increase in communication and transport facilities, the market potential of horticultural crops has been high.
• There is a greater demand of fresh and processed products, including horticultural products, in local as well as international markets .
• Government aid, development of financial institutions and co-operatives in rural areas help farmers in replacing their traditional crops with horticultural crops by increasing their returns from these crops.